Bass Recorder in f after Denner,
a=415 Hz, boxwood with double-holes, Baroque (English) fingering.
Since the original is higher than the standard a=415 pitch, it was necessary
to enlarge the instrument.
Johann Christoph Denner, Nürnberg (1655 –
Mark: I C DENNER scrolled with rolled ends
About 22 bass-recorders made by Johann Christoph are
still extant, one of them made completely from ivory. (Nikkel)
Our model is modelled on an instrument in private a private collection.
It has a two-octave range and is made of boxwood. These were good reasons
to take this instrument as model, although the pitch is at ca. a=435 Hz.
Johann Christoph was baptised on 3 August 1655 at Leipzig and was buried
on 26 April 1707 at Nuremberg. His childhood was spent at Leipzig, where
his parents moved between 1653 and 1654. Aged about 11 years old he moved
with his family back to Nuremberg and he learned from his father the craft
of making hunt-lures and hunting horns.
Soon after his time as journeyman in 1680, he began making woodwind-instruments.
(see the above mentioned early-baroque soprano recorder). From 1694 he
called himself “Flötenmacher” (flute-maker) and received
“Meisterrecht” becoming a master woodwind maker.
Two of his sons, Jakob (b.1681) and Johann David (b. 1691) continued their
father’s craft. Jakob in particular became a celebrated maker.
Johann Christoph, together with Johann Schell, was probably the first
in Germany making “französische Instrumenta” (instruments
in the French style). We can say with certainty that this refers to woodwinds
(oboes, transversflutes and recorders) with the new late-baroque conical
bore. These innovations are attributed to the Hotteterre family of woodwind
Already in 1694 Johann Christoph delivered to the Nürnberger Rat
(Nuremberg Council) two “frantzesisches Fletten” or “Opera-Flöten”.
(French flutes or opera-flutes)
Johann Christoph is considered to be one of the most outstanding makers
of the 18th c. in Germany. (Nikkel)
Lit.: Herbert Heyde „Historische Musikinstrumente
im Bachhaus Eisenach, Eisenach 1976.
G.M. Klemisch, „Zur Bauweise der Blockflöte um 1700 und
Möglichkeiten des Nachbaus,“ in SAIM, Beiheft 12, Michaelstein/Blankenburg,
1992, S. 47
Ekkehart Nikkel, „Der Holzblasinstrumentenbau in der Freien
Reichsstadt Nürnberg“, München 1971, ISBN 3-87397-008-2
William Waterhouse, „The New Langwill Index“ London,
1993, ISBN 0-946113-04-1
Pillip T. Young , 4900 Historical Woodwind Instruments, London